|Shrines and Monuments|
Quezon City pays homage to the heroes who fought for freedom, as well as built monuments and shrines depicting their extraordinary courage so that they shall continue to inspire and embolden others to bring honor and pride to our city and our country.
The impressive 45-foot-high structure known as Bantayog ng mga Bayani along Quezon Avenue was cast as a tribute to the heroes who struggled against the Marcos regime. The handcrafted brass monument in expressionist style was carved by Ed Castrillo, a pioneer and innovator of public art. The towering sculpture depicts a fallen hero, being lifted up by a woman, representing Inang Bayan (Motherland), who looks at the future with upraised hand, a symbol of hope and faith in the eventual triumph of right over wrong. Entwining these two figures is the Philippine flag, the emblem of national unity. At the base is an appropriate inscription taken from the poem “Mi Ultimo Adios” (My Last Farewell), which was penned by national hero, Dr. Jose Rizal, on the eve of his execution.
Another product of the EDSA Revolution is the Our Lady of EDSA Shrine, located at the crossroads of EDSA and Ortigas Avenue. It was built by grateful Filipinos to honor the Virgin Mary for her protection and guidance during the world-renowned, bloodless ouster of the Marcos dictatorship that led to the return of democracy in the Philippines. The idea for a commemorative shrine was conceived by Cardinal Sin two days after the Marcos family fled into exile in 1986. He approached the Ortigas and Gokongwei families who agreed to donate the prime corner lot where the nuns and ordinary men and women bravely stood in front of military tanks and offered flowers to the soldiers. Architect Francisco Mañosa created the architectural and structural design for the church, with preparatory work from national artist Leandro Locsin and Architect William Coscolluela. Throughout the plaza are the 14 Stations of the Cross as rendered in bronze by national artist Napoleon Abueva. The imposing bronze image of the Our Lady of Queen of Peace, sculpted by Virginia Ty-Navarro.
The People Power Monument at the corner of White Plains and EDSA Revolution depicts the thousands of Filipinos who gathered in front of the military camps at this main highway of the metropolis in February 1986, to unite in courage and faith to oust a dictator and restore democracy in the Philippines. The sculpture is by Ed Castrillo and was installed in 1993.
The Cry of Pugad Lawin Shrine was developed by virtue of the Pugad Lawin Historical Committee created in 1983 to locate the residence of Juan Ramos, son of Melchora Aquino. The site is where Andres Bonifacio, on August 23, 1896, gathered his men and asked them if they were willing to fight to the bitter end: “Kalayaan o Kamatayan? Mga Kapatid, ang Kalayaan ay inaagaw sa dulo ng patalim! (Freedom or Death? Brothers, Freedom is won through force of arms).” The monument, which became fully developed in 1998, depicts Bonifacio and Emilio Jacinto, along with other Katipuneros, tearing up their cedulas, shouting “Mabuhay ang Pilipinas! (Long live the Philippines!)” as a sign of rebellion against the Spanish rule.
The Melchora Aquino Shrine was built to commemorate the kindness and humanity of the City’s very own heroine, Melchora Aquino. Also known as Tandang Sora, the Mother of Revolution became famous for providing refuge and food to wounded Katipuneros when the war against Spain broke out in 1896. When the Spaniards learned about her activities, she was asked where Andres Bonifacio was hiding but she unflinchingly refused to tell them. She was then arrested by the Spanish Guardia Civil and was deported to the Mariana Islands.
The grand shrine is located on Banlat Road, Tandang Sora, and has a pavilion and stage which is used as venue for historical events and gatherings. There is another shrine built in her honor in the Himlayang Pilipino Memorial Park, which serves as a repository of her remains.
The Boy Scouts Rotonda at Timog and Tomas Morato intersection was erected in memory of the Filipino scouts (20 boy scouts, 2 veteran scouts and 2 chaperons) who died in a plane crash in 1963, enroute to represent the Philippines in an international jamboree to be held in Greece. In their honor, the Rotonda was built and several streets were named after the scouts. In 2007, the City Government funded a P20-million project to repair, refurbish and improve the rotunda, including the existing bronze statues. An imposing obelisk was installed in the middle to make it a more distinctive landmark.
The monuments for Jose Rizal, Andres Bonifacio, Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino, Jr., President Manuel Quezon and General Licerio Geronimo were completed in 2009 and were erected in their respective places of honor. The monument of Jose Rizal, created by noted sculptor Frederick Caedo, is inside the Quezon City Hall compound. It is similar to the Rizal statue in Madrid which was also created by Mr. Caedo. The Andres Bonifacio monument shows the Katipunan Movement founder in action with sword in hand. Well-known painter and sculptor Francisco Verano was commissioned to create the bronze monument, which can also be found inside the City Hall compound.
The monument and memorial for Ninoy Aquino Jr. shows him in a rostrum delivering a speech, to reflect his dynamism and forceful personality. The 14-feet structure made of brass and stainless steel sheets was crafted by noted artist Eduardo Castrillo, an old friend of the Aquino family. It can be found along Quezon Avenue. A monument in Brgy. Bagong Silangan was built to honor Gen. Licerio Geronimo, the valiant Katipunero who defeated Gen. Henry Lawton in what came to be known as the Battle of Paye, during the Philippine-American War. The hero is depicted standing in uniform with sword and gun, in a mural setting, by young sculptor Jose Rabino Giroy